Factors that influence attitudes are culture; eating raw meat and fish is part of Japanese culture. Personal history; being made to eat spinach as a child could result in someone avoiding all foods containing spinach as an adult. Travel experience; eating cuisine in foreign places is part of the cultural experience, but that cuisine may not be eaten at home. Perceived status; lobster, truffles and filet mignon have a higher status than flake fish etc. Economic depression and war; Older Australians and many new migrants, who have gone through depressions/ wars with food shortages, eat more offal (animal organs) and don’t like to waste food. Health status; those who are ill tend to eat less, and often prefer more simple, bland foods.
Neophobia is defined as an aversion to eating unfamiliar food. Tuorila et al (2001) analyzed the effects of various psychological factors in food choice. The occurrence of neophobia has been shown as less likely with the increasing education and degree of urbanization. Men more often than women have shown a neophobic attitude. The persons less timid and moderately hungry have been characterized by the lowest neophobia degree. Adults change their attitude towards novel foods as affected by a variety of factors; advertising, fashion, and advice of other persons.
Orthorexia Nervosa The pathological obsession about biologically pure food which can cause substantial dietetic limitations is referred to as orthorexia nervosa. Orthorexia subjects exclude from their diet any food which they considered to be impure because it may contain herbicides, pesticides or artificial substances, line preservatives or the processed foods. This obsession results in a loss of social relationships and affects dissatisfaction because the orthorexia subjects are all the time concerned with eating.
Dounin and Marsil (2004) have shown that people suffering from orthorexia have a specific attitude to food: preserving food is dangerous for health and healthy food should be biologically pure. Low fat products have been especially intensely investigated. It is expected that people believe in the positive effect of those products on health, presuming their acceptance and selections on the other hand high fat foods are more likely because of their good taste. Viaene and Verbeke (2001) have noted A remarkable increasing consumers requirements on safety and content of hormones of the state of production delivery and guarantees
Beliefs; a belief is an opinion or convection which need not be based on positive scientific proof that is often related to cultural heritage, some cultural eating of specific food and need to food taboos. Such taboos are most common in primitive cultures and they may, unfortunately, restrict the consumption of animal products. Good sources of complete protein in an area of mid Africa people believe that animal milk is a repulsive body secretion similar to urine. Consequently it is not consumed despite its nutritional value. Some people in remote areas of southeast Asia avoid eating eggs or chicken because they are believed to destroy human fertility.
Believes are often related to religion
Buddhism Buddhist will keep to the principle of ahimsa and avoid all foods related to processes for harm was done some Buddhist avoid meet and daily products while others avoid only meet with his also avoid the consumption of alcohol
Christianity food regulations differ from one Christian denomination or group to another with some groups not observing any restrictions at all; some fasting is observed by catholic and orthodox Christians on certain days such as good Friday or during Lent. Today some eat fish on a Friday
Hindus today regard vegetarianism as a way to maintain the respect observed for life. The cow is held in high regard as a symbol of abundance and so it is not eaten by Hindus, yet products such as milk butter and yogurt may be eaten by some Hindus fast on selected days as a mark of respect to a certain God.
Kosher foods juice wala dietary loss based on their interpretation of that statement these loss forward the eating of coke and shellfish does a specify that neat and dairy products may not be stored prepaid or eaten together
Islam the main food practices in Islam in world's Pacific rim slaughtering procedures for animal of consumptions and fasting during the month of Ramadan both are categorised as halal and haram red and red products for men contain races of alcohol in some cases may be considered her moderation in eating is an integral part of Islam.
This article is written and submitted to The E Today by Shrushti Mehta.
We thank her for her research and analysis and hope to see the awareness about health and nutrition being spread ahead to larger mass of our citizens.